View the runnable example on GitHub

Quantize PyTorch Model in INT8 for Inference using OpenVINO Post-training Optimization Tools#

As Post-training Optimization Tools (POT) is provided by OpenVINO toolkit, OpenVINO acceleration will be enabled in the meantime when using POT for INT8 quantization. You can call InferenceOptimizer.quantize API with accelerator='openvino' (and precision='int8') to use POT for your PyTorch nn.Module. It only takes a few lines.

Let’s take an ResNet-18 model pretrained on ImageNet dataset and finetuned on OxfordIIITPet dataset as an example:

[ ]:
from torchvision.models import resnet18

model = resnet18(pretrained=True)
_, train_dataset, val_dataset = finetune_pet_dataset(model)

     The full definition of function finetune_pet_dataset could be found in the runnable example.

To enable INT8 quantization using POT for inference, you could simply import BigDL-Nano InferenceOptimizer, and use InferenceOptimizer to quantize your PyTorch model with accelerator='openvino':

[ ]:
from bigdl.nano.pytorch import InferenceOptimizer

q_model = InferenceOptimizer.quantize(model,
                                      calib_data=DataLoader(train_dataset, batch_size=32))

📝 Note

The InferenceOptimizer.quantize function has a precision parameter to specify the precision for quantization. It is default to be 'int8'. So, we omit the precision parameter here for INT8 quantization.

For IN8 quantization using POT, only static post-training quantization is supported. So calib_data (for calibration data) is always required when accelerator='openvino'.

For calib_data, batch size is not important as it intends to read 100 samples. And there could be no label in calibration data.

Please refer to API documentation for more information on InferenceOptimizer.quantize.

You could then do the normal inference steps under the context manager provided by Nano, with the quantized model:

[ ]:
with InferenceOptimizer.get_context(q_model):
    x = torch.stack([val_dataset[0][0], val_dataset[1][0]])
    # use the quantized model here
    y_hat = q_model(x)
    predictions = y_hat.argmax(dim=1)

📝 Note

For all Nano optimized models by InferenceOptimizer.quantize, you need to wrap the inference steps with an automatic context manager InferenceOptimizer.get_context(model=...) provided by Nano. You could refer to here for more detailed usage of the context manager.