Scale TensorFlow 1.15 Applications#

../../../_images/colab_logo_32px.pngRun in Google Colab  ../../../_images/GitHub-Mark-32px.pngView source on GitHub

In this guide we will describe how to scale out TensorFlow 1.15 programs using Orca in 4 simple steps.

Step 0: Prepare Environment#

We recommend using conda to prepare the environment. Please refer to the install guide for more details.

conda create -n py37 python=3.7  # "py37" is conda environment name, you can use any name you like.
conda activate py37
pip install bigdl-orca
pip install tensorflow==1.15
pip install tensorflow-datasets==2.0
pip install psutil

Step 1: Init Orca Context#

from bigdl.orca import init_orca_context, stop_orca_context

if cluster_mode == "local":  # For local machine
    init_orca_context(cluster_mode="local", cores=4, memory="10g")
    dataset_dir = "~/tensorflow_datasets"
elif cluster_mode == "k8s":  # For K8s cluster
    init_orca_context(cluster_mode="k8s", num_nodes=2, cores=2, memory="10g", driver_memory="10g", driver_cores=1)
elif cluster_mode == "yarn":  # For Hadoop/YARN cluster
    init_orca_context(cluster_mode="yarn", num_nodes=2, cores=2, memory="10g", driver_memory="10g", driver_cores=1)
    dataset_dir = "hdfs:///tensorflow_datasets"

This is the only place where you need to specify local or distributed mode. View Orca Context for more details.

Note: You should export HADOOP_CONF_DIR=/path/to/hadoop/conf/dir when running on Hadoop YARN cluster. View Hadoop User Guide for more details. To use tensorflow_datasets on HDFS, you should correctly set HADOOP_HOME, HADOOP_HDFS_HOME, LD_LIBRARY_PATH, etc. For more details, please refer to TensorFlow documentation link.

Step 2: Define the Model#

You may define your model, loss and metrics in the same way as in any standard (single node) TensorFlow program.

import tensorflow as tf

def accuracy(logits, labels):
    predictions = tf.argmax(logits, axis=1, output_type=labels.dtype)
    is_correct = tf.cast(tf.equal(predictions, labels), dtype=tf.float32)
    return tf.reduce_mean(is_correct)

def lenet(images):
    with tf.variable_scope('LeNet', [images]):
        net = tf.layers.conv2d(images, 32, (5, 5), activation=tf.nn.relu, name='conv1')
        net = tf.layers.max_pooling2d(net, (2, 2), 2, name='pool1')
        net = tf.layers.conv2d(net, 64, (5, 5), activation=tf.nn.relu, name='conv2')
        net = tf.layers.max_pooling2d(net, (2, 2), 2, name='pool2')
        net = tf.layers.flatten(net)
        net = tf.layers.dense(net, 1024, activation=tf.nn.relu, name='fc3')
        logits = tf.layers.dense(net, 10)
        return logits

# tensorflow inputs
images = tf.placeholder(dtype=tf.float32, shape=(None, 28, 28, 1))
# tensorflow labels
labels = tf.placeholder(dtype=tf.int32, shape=(None,))

logits = lenet(images)
loss = tf.reduce_mean(tf.losses.sparse_softmax_cross_entropy(logits=logits, labels=labels))
acc = accuracy(logits, labels)

Step 3: Define Train Dataset#

You can define the dataset using standard Orca also supports Spark DataFrame and Orca XShards.

import tensorflow_datasets as tfds

def preprocess(data):
    data['image'] = tf.cast(data["image"], tf.float32) / 255.
    return data['image'], data['label']

# get DataSet
mnist_train = tfds.load(name="mnist", split="train", data_dir=dataset_dir)
mnist_test = tfds.load(name="mnist", split="test", data_dir=dataset_dir)

mnist_train =
mnist_test =

Step 4: Fit with Orca Estimator#

First, create an Estimator.

from import Estimator

est = Estimator.from_graph(inputs=images,
                           metrics={"acc": acc})

Next, fit and evaluate using the Estimator.,

result = est.evaluate(mnist_test)

That’s it, the same code can run seamlessly in your local laptop and the distribute K8s or Hadoop cluster.

Note: You should call stop_orca_context() when your program finishes.