PyTorch Quickstart


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In this guide we will describe how to scale out PyTorch programs using Orca in 4 simple steps.

Step 0: Prepare Environment

Conda is needed to prepare the Python environment for running this example. Please refer to the install guide for more details.

conda create -n py37 python=3.7  # "py37" is conda environment name, you can use any name you like.
conda activate py37
pip install bigdl-orca
pip install torch==1.7.1 torchvision==0.8.2
pip install six cloudpickle
pip install jep==3.9.0

Step 1: Init Orca Context

from bigdl.orca import init_orca_context, stop_orca_context

cluster_mode = "local"
if cluster_mode == "local":  # For local machine
    init_orca_context(cores=4, memory="10g")
elif cluster_mode == "k8s":  # For K8s cluster
    init_orca_context(cluster_mode="k8s", num_nodes=2, cores=2, memory="10g", driver_memory="10g", driver_cores=1)
elif cluster_mode == "yarn":  # For Hadoop/YARN cluster
    init_orca_context(
    cluster_mode="yarn", cores=2, num_nodes=2, memory="10g",
    driver_memory="10g", driver_cores=1,
    conf={"spark.rpc.message.maxSize": "1024",
        "spark.task.maxFailures": "1",
        "spark.driver.extraJavaOptions": "-Dbigdl.failure.retryTimes=1"})

This is the only place where you need to specify local or distributed mode. View Orca Context for more details.

Note: You should export HADOOP_CONF_DIR=/path/to/hadoop/conf/dir when running on Hadoop YARN cluster. View Hadoop User Guide for more details.

Step 2: Define the Model

You may define your model, loss and optimizer in the same way as in any standard (single node) PyTorch program.

import torch
import torch.nn as nn
import torch.nn.functional as F

class LeNet(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        super(LeNet, self).__init__()
        self.conv1 = nn.Conv2d(1, 20, 5, 1)
        self.conv2 = nn.Conv2d(20, 50, 5, 1)
        self.fc1 = nn.Linear(4*4*50, 500)
        self.fc2 = nn.Linear(500, 10)
        
    def forward(self, x):
        x = F.relu(self.conv1(x))
        x = F.max_pool2d(x, 2, 2)
        x = F.relu(self.conv2(x))
        x = F.max_pool2d(x, 2, 2)
        x = x.view(-1, 4*4*50)
        x = F.relu(self.fc1(x))
        x = self.fc2(x)
        return F.log_softmax(x, dim=1)

model = LeNet()
model.train()
criterion = nn.NLLLoss()
adam = torch.optim.Adam(model.parameters(), 0.001)

Step 3: Define Train Dataset

You can define the dataset using standard Pytorch DataLoader.

import torch
from torchvision import datasets, transforms

torch.manual_seed(0)
dir='./'

batch_size=64
test_batch_size=64
train_loader = torch.utils.data.DataLoader(
    datasets.MNIST(dir, train=True, download=True,
                   transform=transforms.Compose([
                       transforms.ToTensor(),
                       transforms.Normalize((0.1307,), (0.3081,))
                   ])),
    batch_size=batch_size, shuffle=True)
test_loader = torch.utils.data.DataLoader(
    datasets.MNIST(dir, train=False,
                   transform=transforms.Compose([
                       transforms.ToTensor(),
                       transforms.Normalize((0.1307,), (0.3081,))
                   ])),
    batch_size=test_batch_size, shuffle=False)

Alternatively, we can also use a Data Creator Function or Orca XShards as the input data, especially when the data size is very large)

Step 4: Fit with Orca Estimator

First, Create an Estimator

from bigdl.orca.learn.pytorch import Estimator 
from bigdl.orca.learn.metrics import Accuracy

est = Estimator.from_torch(model=model, optimizer=adam, loss=criterion, metrics=[Accuracy()])

Next, fit and evaluate using the Estimator

from bigdl.orca.learn.trigger import EveryEpoch 

est.fit(data=train_loader, epochs=10, validation_data=test_loader,
        checkpoint_trigger=EveryEpoch())

result = est.evaluate(data=test_loader)
for r in result:
    print(r, ":", result[r])

Note: You should call stop_orca_context() when your application finishes.